Vendart: Your Trusted International Distributor of Inorganic Ventures in Australia

10, Jun 2024

Comprehensive Sample Preparation Guides for Modern Analytical Chemistry

In the world of analytical chemistry, precise and accurate measurements are paramount. One of the key aspects of achieving this precision lies in the proper preparation of samples. Vendart, your trusted international distributor of Inorganic Ventures Australia, is dedicated to providing you with the highest quality certified reference materials (CRMs) and detailed sample preparation guides to ensure the reliability of your analytical results.

Background: Evolution of Sample Introduction Techniques

Historically, the introduction of samples to atomic spectroscopic analytical instrumentation has undergone significant evolution. From the mid-19th century, when the first “emission spectroscope” was introduced, to the mid-20th century, when Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) came into play, solid samples were predominantly used. Methods like a-c arc, d-c arc, and a-c spark were common for sample excitation.

The advent of flame photometry, which relied heavily on liquid samples, marked a shift towards the use of liquids. This shift gained momentum with the introduction of AAS in the 1950s and Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) in the early 1970s. The superior understanding and design improvements in pneumatic nebulizers have made liquid sample introduction the preferred method for modern ICP and AAS instrumentation. Liquids offer better repeatability and ease of introduction compared to solids.

Challenges in Solid Sample Analysis

Direct analysis of solid samples presents several challenges:

  • Homogeneity: Variations in the size of the excitation area can affect accuracy.
  • Physical and Chemical Forms: The inherent properties of solids can complicate analysis.
  • Sample Transport: Delivering the sample to the excitation source is often problematic.

Converting solids to liquids eliminates these issues, providing a more homogeneous, stable, and easily transportable solution.

The New Set of Challenges: Converting Solids to Liquids

While converting solids to liquids resolves several problems, it introduces new challenges. Most samples, whether originally solid or liquid, require chemical treatments to ensure stability and compatibility with the measurement techniques employed. This process, known as preparation chemistry, is crucial for the accurate introduction of samples into modern ICP and AAS instruments.

Focus on Element-Specific Preparation Chemistry

Our Sample Preparation Guides provide detailed, element-specific information, addressing:

  • Preparation and Solution Chemistry: Methods for preparing samples containing specific elements.
  • Chemical Incompatibilities and Tendencies: Identifying and managing potential chemical conflicts.
  • Hydrolytic Stability Data and Effect of Ligands: Ensuring stability in aqueous solutions.
  • Preferred Matrices: Optimal conditions for various elements.

These guides aim to offer practical information for analysts, making the task of preparing sample solutions for analysis more straightforward and reliable.

Detailed Information by Element Group

The elements are presented in order of increasing periodic group and atomic number, covering a comprehensive range of elements commonly analyzed using ICP and AAS. Here’s the breakdown:

Group 1 — Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs
Group 2 — Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba
Group 3 — Sc, Y, La, the lanthanides, Th, and U
Group 4 — Ti, Zr, Hf
Group 5 — V, Nb, Ta
Group 6 — Cr, Mo, W
Group 7 — Mn, Re
Group 8 — Fe, Ru, Os
Group 9 — Co, Rh, Ir
Group 10 — Ni, Pd, Pt
Group 11 — Cu, Ag, Au
Group 12 — Zn, Cd, Hg
Group 13 — B, Al, Ga, In, Tl
Group 14 — Si, Ge, Sn, Pb
Group 15 — P, As, Sb, Bi
Group 16 — S, Se, Te
Group 17 — F, Cl, Br, I

Enhancing Your Analytical Capabilities with Vendart

Vendart, as the distributor of Inorganic Ventures Australia, is committed to supporting your analytical needs with high-quality CRMs and expert guidance. Our Sample Preparation Guides are designed to help you navigate the complexities of preparation chemistry, ensuring that your analytical processes are as accurate and reliable as possible.

Explore our range of certified reference materials and take advantage of our detailed preparation guides to enhance the accuracy of your measurements. With Vendart and Inorganic Ventures in Australia, you can trust in the precision and reliability of your analytical results. Contact us today to learn more about how we can support your specific needs with our industry-leading standards and expertise.